A primary remedy for infection, echinacea is effective against bacterial and viral attacks. It is particularly useful against colds, flus, infections of the upper respiratory tract, strep throat, tonsillitis, as well as septicaemia, boils, skin eruptions, wounds and arthritis.

Echinacea also raises levels of white blood cells and activates macrophages and is thus tumour-inhibiting.

Preparation: Rather than daily immune support, echinacea is best used at the first sight of an active infection, for as long as the infection persists. 1-2 teaspoons of root in 1 cup water, boil for 10-15 minutes, drink 3 or more times per day. As a tincture – take 1 full dropper every hour until symptoms subside.

Reference: David Hoffman (2003), Medical Herbalism, pp. 544, Michael Tierra (2008) Planetary Herbology pp. 190